Tropical and subtropical moistleaf jungles
Forest, Kaziranga National ParkTropical and subtropical moistleaf forests include forests getting high rainfall around the year and also the semi evergreen forests that receive high seasonal rains. This kind of forests are preferred home for animals and plants species. Forests in India like Andman Island rain forests, Brahmaptra valley semi-evergreen forests, Malabar Coast moist forests, Meghalaya subtropical forests, Orissa semi-evergreen forests and Nikobar Islands rain forests are tropical and subtropical moistleaf forests.
Many of the famous protected areas like Kaziranga National Park and Sundarban that are said to be the best shelter of Great Indian One horned Rhinoceros and Indian Tiger, respectively fall under this forest type.Talking about flora, the most common flora found in this type of forests are Jackfruit, Betel nut Palm, Jamun, Mango and Hollock.
Tropical and subtropical dryleaf jungles
Also known as Tropical dry jungles and forests, Tropical and subtropical dryleaf forests are found in climate that is warm for whole of the year. In compare to Tropical moistleaf forests, Tropical dryleaf jungles receive lesser rains. In India, forests like Chhotanagpur dry deciduous forests, East Deccan dry evergreen forests, Narmada valley dry deciduous forests and South Deccan plateau dry deciduous forests come in the category of Tropical and subtropical dryleaf forests.
Tropical dryleaf forests in India are famous for inhabiting wild animals like Asian Elephants, Tigers and Bears. Sal, Bamboo and Acacia are some of the trees found commonly in Tropical dryleaf forest.
Tropical and subtropical coniferous forest
Forest, Himachal Pradesh Tropical and subtropical coniferous forest are found basically in semi-humid climate. Himalayan subtropical pine forests in Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, and North-East Pine forests in arunachal pradesh are Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests.
Coniferous forests constitute the largest forest range in the Indo-Pacific region and stretch over 3,000 Km length. There are 26 protected areas like Naina Devi, Chail and Itanagar in the Tropical and subtropical coniferous type of forests, which are home to many species of endemic birds and many wild animals. The most common trees in Tropical and subtropical forests are Pine.
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, Savannas and shrublands
In India, Terai Daur savanna and grasslands are the Tropical grasslands which stretch across the middle of the Himalayan Terai. The areas are world famous for housing agreeable number of Rhinoceros, Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Elephant and other wild animals. Having the highest density of Tigers and Rhinoceros, this Eco region possesses many protected areas, and Dudhwa National park is one among them. This Eco region boasts of having tallest grassland, which are now widely used for farming.
shrublands Deserts and Xeric
Entirely different from other forests categories, Deserts and Xeric shrublands are quite dry and have almost nil rainfall. Deserts areas like Indus valley desert, Thar desert, Northwestern thorn scrub forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests are Deserts and Xeric shrublands.
Having the annual rainfall between 100 to 500 mm, the kind of flora found in this forest are dry. Due to lack of rain fall, the transformation of grassland and crop land in this region has been low. Cactus and Palm tree are the two main flora found in Deserts and Xeric shrublands like Thar. One of the most popular protected areas in India, Rann of Kutch, world famous for its rare Indian wild Ass, falls under Deserts and Xeric shrublands.
Wednesday, May 6, 2009
9:48 AM My Discoveries 3 comments